Have you been noticing that your child has difficulty concentrating in class? Or do you have trouble following instructions, staying on task, or completing projects? If so, then you or your child may be suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder, or ADD. ADD is one of the most commonly occurring behavioral disabilities amongst children, and it is also becoming increasingly prevalent among adult men and women. If left untreated, ADD can have a negative impact on how you complete your work, carry out your tasks, and interact with others. However, effective medical and botanical ADD treatment is available.
What is Attention Deficit Disorder?
ADD is a developmental disorder that affects both children and adults. The disorder is characterized by two main features including inattention and inactivity. ADD often manifests in early childhood and typically remains a chronic condition. In fact, between 50% and 80% of children continue to experience symptoms of the disorder in adulthood. ADD is thought to affect between 3% and 6% of the population in the United States.
How is ADD Different from ADHD
ADD and ADHD are related disorders. Both disorders are characterized by symptoms of inactivity and lack of attention; however, ADHD is also characterized by hyperactive behavior. A child with ADHD will often speak out of turn, have difficulty remaining seated, or fidget excessively, while a child with ADD will not.,
Who’s At Risk for ADD?
Any child, male or female, is at risk for developing ADD. Contrary to popular belief, ADD is not a sign of poor intellect; in fact, most people with ADD are of average or above average intelligence. Additional risk factors include:
- Being Male: Males are three times more likely to get ADD.
- Being Related to Someone with ADD: If you have a family member with ADD you are at increased risk of developing the disorder.
- Having Injuries At Birth: If you were born prematurely, born at a low birth weight, or born with injuries to the brain, you are at increased risk for ADD.
What Causes ADD?
The cause of ADD is thought to be biological in origin. While it was once thought that bad parenting or developmental delay contributed to the disorder, it is now understood that a chemical imbalance in the brain is probably a main cause of ADD. Specifically, people with ADD appear to have less activity in the areas of the brain that help to control concentration and attention.
Symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder
The symptoms of ADD may include:
- difficulty following instructions
- difficulty focusing thoughts or attention
- carelessness and disorganization
- appearing sluggish or drowsy
- loss of tools necessary to complete a task
Treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder
Treatment of ADD usually includes a combination of both medication and cognitive behavioral therapy:
- Medication for ADD: Medications for ADD are typically stimulants that work to increase brain activity and boost attention. The most commonly prescribed medications include Ritalin, Dexedrine, and Adderall.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Many people with ADD find behavioral therapy helpful when it comes to coping with their attention deficit. Therapy can help to teach behavioral modification and coping skills, allowing people with ADD to manage work, school, and social life much more easily.