A - Z Of Pregnancy Terms
Here is an A-Z list of some pregnancy terms you may hear while you are pregnant and some you will never hear of.
Genetic counseling: Consultation between a couple and a specialist about genetic defects and the possibility of genetic problems in a pregnancy.
Genital herpes simplex: Herpes simplex infection involving the genital area. It can be significant during pregnancy because of the danger to a newborn fetus infected with herpes simplex.
Genitourinary problems: Defects or problems involving genital organs and the bladder or kidneys.
Gestational age: Dating a pregnancy from the first day of the last menstrual period; 2 weeks longer than fertilization age.
Gestational diabetes: Occurrence or worsening of diabetes during pregnancy (gestation).
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTN): Abnormal pregnancy with cystic growth of the placenta. Characterized by bleeding during early and middle pregnancy.
Glucose-tolerance test: Blood test done to evaluate the body's response to sugar.
Glucosuria: Glucose in the urine.
Gonorrhea: Contagious venereal infection, transmitted primarily by intercourse. Caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhea.
Grand mal seizure: loss of control of body functions. Seizure activity of a major form.
Group-B streptococcal infection: Serious infection occurring in the mother's vagina and throat.
Gyri: Prominent, rounded elevation found on the surface of the brain tissue.
Habitual abortion: Occurrence of three or more spontaneous miscarriages.
Heartburn: Discomfort or pain that occurs in the chest. Often occurs after eating.
Hematocrit: Determines the proportion of blood cells to plasma. Important in diagnosing anemia.
Hemoglobin: Pigment in red blood cell that carries oxygen to body tissues.
Hemolytic disease: Destruction of red blood cells.
Hemorrhoids: Dilated blood vessels in the rectum or rectal canal.
Human chorionic gonadatropin (HCG): Hormone produced in early pregnancy. Measured in a pregnancy test.
Human placental lactogen: Hormone of pregnancy produced by the placenta. Found in the bloodstream.
Hyaline membrane disease: Respiratory disease of the newborn.
Hydramnios: Increased amniotic fluid.
Hydrocephalus: Excessive accumulation of fluid around the brain of the baby. Sometimes called water on the brain.
Hyperbilirubinemia: Extremely high level of bilirubin in the blood.
Hyperemesis gravidarum: Severe nausea, dehydration and vomiting during pregnancy. Occurs most frequently during the first trimester.
Hyperglycemia: Increased blood sugar.
Hypertension: Pregnancy-induced-high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy. Defined by an increase in the diastolic and/or systolic blood pressure.
Hyperthyroidism: Elevation of the thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.
Hypoplasia: Defective or incomplete development or formation of tissue.
Hypotension: Low blood pressure.
Hypothyroidism: Low or inadequate levels of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.
Immune globulin preparation: Substance used to protect against infection with certain diseases, such as hepatitis or measles.
In utero: Within the uterus.
Incompetent cervix: Cervix that dilates painlessly, without contractions.
Incomplete abortion: Miscarriage in which part, but not all, of the uterine contents are expelled.
Inevitable abortion: Pregnancy complicated with bleeding and cramping. Usually results in miscarriage.
Insulin: Peptide hormone made by the pancreas. It promotes the use of glucose.
Invasive squamous-cell carcinoma: Cancer of the cervix that extends beyond the cervix into surrounding tissues or deeper layers.
Iron-deficiency anemia: Anemia produced by lack of iron in the diet. Often seen in pregnancy.
Isoimmunization: Development of specific antibody directed at the red blood cells of another individual, such as a baby in utero. Often occurs when an Rh-negative woman carries an Rh-positive baby or is given Rh-positive blood.
Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin, sclera (eyes) and deeper tissues of the body. Caused by excessive amounts of bilirubin. Treated with phototherapy.
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