A - Z Of Pregnancy Terms
Here is an A-Z list of some pregnancy terms you may hear while you are pregnant and some you will never hear of.
Ketones: Breakdown product of metabolism found in the blood, particularly in starvation or uncontrolled diabetes.
Kidney stones: Small mass or lesion found in the kidney or urinary tract. Can block the flow of urine.
Laaoo: Process of expelling a fetus from the uterus.
Laparoscopy: Minor surgical procedure performed for tubal ligation, diagnosis of pelvic pain or diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy.
Leukorrhea: Vaginal discharge characterized by a white or yellowish colour. Primarily composed of mucus.
Lightening: Change in the shape of the pregnant uterus a few weeks before labour. Often described as the baby "dropping."
Linea nigra: Line of increased pigmentation running down the abdomen from the bellybutton to the pubic area during pregnancy.
Malignant GTN: Cancerous change of gestational trophoblastic disease.
Mammogram: X-ray study of the breasts to identify normal and abnormal breasttissue.
Mask of pregnancy: Increased pigmentation over the area of the face under each eye. Commonly has the appearance of a butterfly.
Meconium: First intestinal discharge of the newborn; green or yellow in colour. It consists of epithelial or surface cells, mucus and bile. Discharge may occur before or during labour or soon after birth.
Melanoma: Pigmented mole or tumor. It may or may not be cancerous.
Meningomyelocele: Congenital defect of the central nervous system of the baby. Membranes and the spinal cord protrude through an opening or defect in the vertebral column.
Menstruation: Regular or periodic discharge of a bloody fluid from the uterus.
Mesodermal germ layer: Tissue of the embryo that forms connective tissue, muscles, kidneys, ureters and other organs.
Metaplasia: Change in the structure of a tissue into another type that is not normal for that tissue.
Microcephaly: Abnormally small development of the head in the developing fetus.
Microphthalmia: Abnormally small eyeballs.
Miscarriage: See Abortion.
Missed abortion: Failed pregnancy without bleeding or cramping. Often diagnosed by ultrasound weeks or months after a pregnancy fails.
Mittelschmerz: Pain that coincides with release of an egg from the ovary.
Monilial vulvovaginitis: Infection caused by yeast or monilia. Usually affects the vagina and vulva.
Monozygotic twins: Twins conceived from one egg. Often called identical twins.
Morning sickness: Nausea and vomiting, without ill health, found primarily during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Moruaa: Cells resulting from the early division of the fertilized egg at the beginning of pregnancy.
Mucus plug: Secretions in cervix; often released just before labour.
Mutations: Change in the character of a gene. Passed from one cell division to another.
Neural-tube defects: Abnormalities in the development of the spinal cord and brain in a fetus. See Anencephaly; Hydrocephalus; Spina bifida.
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