Pregnancy Stages - Second Trimester
Pregnancy Second Trimester
The second trimester (13-28 Weeks) is the most physically enjoyable for most women. While some symptoms such as a morning sickness and nausea can abate, new ones can begin. What follows is a list of changes that you may see in your body during this trimester.
Due to your body’s increase need for more nutrients and energy to sustain your growing baby, you may find that your appetite may be increased during this trimester. It is completely normal and will probably continue until your birth.
Quickening and Fetal Movement
The mother may be able to feel the movement of the fetus for the first time. This is a phenomenon called quickening, and is typically felt by the end of the 5th month. This fluttering will give way to actual movement and kicking, which is normally felt by the end of the seventh month.
Increase Belly Size, Stretch Marks and Skin Changes
The uterus has grown in size and now reaches the height of the belly button; this makes your pregnancy visible. Pregnancy hormones are at work on your skin; you’ll notice skin pigmentation on your face or abdomen this trimester. Due to the stretching of the skin some woman may develop stretch marks. They usually appear in the second half of pregnancy and occur in approximately half of all pregnancies. Don’t worry too much about these since most stretch marks fade away after delivery and are barely noticeable.
Abdominal and Low Back Pain
Because your uterus and abdomen are expanding, you may feel pains in the abdomen, thighs or groin area. You will also experience backaches from the extra weight you’ve gained. Pain felt around the pelvic bone occurs because of the pressure of the baby’s head and the loosening of joints in this area. The lower abdomen may ache as ligaments stretch to support the uterus. To help soothe these pains, lie down for a rest and apply heat.
Return to Normal Urination Frequency
The need to frequently urinate may decrease as the uterus grows out of the pelvic cavity, relieving pressure on the bladder.
Nosebleeds and Gum Bleeds
Increase in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can affect the mucous membranes in the nose and gums. This can lead to nasal congestion, nosebleeds, spongier gums, and gums that bleed more easily.
In the second trimester, you may notice a white-colored vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. It is normal. However a colored or bloody discharge may signal possible complications and should be examined immediately.
Tingling and Itching
Due to the swelling of tissues in the narrow passages of your wrists, tingling and numbness in the fingers is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Also, due to the stretching of your skin, it is common to experience some itching over the stretched tissue, particularly over the abdomen. Not to worry though, these symptoms should disappear after you deliver your baby.
Continuation of Other Symptoms
Heart burn, indigestion, and constipation may continue.